An ankle sprain is a stretch or tear in one or more of the ankle ligaments. Ankle ligaments are slightly elastic bands of tissue that keep the ankle bones in place. Ankles are particularly prone to sprain because of the small size of the joint and the forces exerted when walking, running and jumping, especially if the surface is uneven.
Although minimally invasive surgery for the foot and ankle has been around for decades, improvements in tools, implants and surgical training combined with a growing body of literature have inspired renewed popularity of these surgeries.
Achilles tendonitis (AT) is inflammation, pain, and swelling of the Achilles tendon. Insertional Achilles tendonitis is one type, which involves the lower part of the tendon that slots into the heel bone.
Given the importance of the Achilles tendon, stretching and strengthening of the tendon and surrounding calf muscles are crucial for both the prevention of injuries and during the rehab process.
When Plantar Fasciitis Is So Bad You Can’t Walk